Prevention tools and resources

Evidence-based practice registries

The Best Practices Registry, developed by the Suicide Prevention Resource Center and the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, identifies, reviews and disseminates information about best practices that address specific objectives of the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention in the United States.

The Canadian Best Practices Portal, developed by the Public Health Agency of Canada, provides a searchable list of chronic disease prevention and health promotion interventions. 

The Child Injury Prevention Tool: Selecting Best Practices website includes resources on best practices in youth suicide prevention, risk management and postvention

Children’s Mental Health Ontario’s website provides a list of evidence-based tools and interventions.

The National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices is an online registry of substance abuse and mental health interventions developed to help the public learn more about evidence-based interventions that are available for implementation.

 

General resources

Acting on What We Know: Preventing Youth Suicide in First Nations developed by the Suicide Prevention Advisory Group, introduces the issue of First Nation youth suicides in Canada and discusses putting forward an evidence-based, community-driven approach to prevention. 

Austen, P. (2003). Community capacity building and mobilization in youth mental health promotion. Ottawa, Ontario: Public Health Agency of Canada.

The Canadian Mental Health Association’s Mental Health Promotion Toolkit offers background information on mental health promotion with community-level examples and a process for developing, implementing and evaluating mental health promotion projects.

Hope, Help, and Healing: A Planning Toolkit for First Nations and Aboriginal Communities to Prevent and Respond to Suicide, developed by the First Nations Health Authority in partnership with British Columbia’s Ministry of Health, is an evidence-informed guide intended to support community workers in planning and developing a community suicide prevention, intervention and postvention plan in native communities.

Preventing suicide: a global imperative is a 2014 report by the World Health Organization.

Preventing Suicide in Children and Youth was released by Children’s Mental Health Research Quarterly at Simon Fraser University. It reviews prevention programs and targeted treatments for young people who have attempted suicide.

Preventing Suicide in Youth: Taking Action with Imperfect Knowledge is a research report written for the British Columbia Ministry of Children and Family Development. It outlines key components of prevention and the effectiveness of different prevention programs in three different contexts: families, schools and communities. The report also highlights considerations for taking action.

Preventing and responding to suicide: Resource kit for schools was developed by New Zealand’s Ministry of Education. It includes guidelines for preventing and responding to suicidal behaviour as well as information on the development of policies and protocols.

Preventing Youth Suicide: A Guide for Practitioners provides practitioners with the most current information on youth suicide prevention, intervention and postvention.

Promising Strategies (Aboriginal Youth: A Manual of Promising Suicide Prevention Strategies) was developed by Children’s Mental Health Ontario for those who want to develop and implement suicide prevention programs for aboriginal youth.

Responding to critical incidents: A resource guide for schools, developed by British Columbia’s Ministry of Education, is designed to assist schools in developing protocols for responding to critical incidents related to suicide.

Suicide Prevention: Prevention Effectiveness and Evaluation. This booklet by SPAN USA describes various key concepts and components of suicide prevention. It highlights the need for applying the principles of prevention effectiveness and for incorporating evaluation into program planning and implementation.

Towards Evidence-Based Suicide Prevention Programs, developed by the World Health Organization Western Pacific Region, provides a framework for suicide prevention strategies and outlines well-established suicide prevention programs across the world.

Youth Suicide Prevention at School: A Resource for School Mental Health Leadership Teams, developed by School Mental Health ASSIST, discusses strategies for supporting student well-being in schools.

Youth Suicide Prevention Programs: A Resource Guide, developed by the Centre for Disease Control, is intended for communities interested in developing or improving programs to prevent youth suicide.

 

Organizations

The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention brings people together from across communities and backgrounds to understand and prevent suicide, and to help heal the pain it causes. Their website provides information and resources related to suicide prevention.

The Canadian Association for Suicide Prevention offers resources, research and information related to suicide and building suicide-safer communities.

The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention provides resources related to youth suicide prevention including a toolkit for schools and media reporting guidelines. 

The Centre for Suicide Prevention, affiliated with the Canadian Mental Health Association, offers training and a library of resources on suicide prevention, intervention and postvention.

British Columbia’s Ministry of Children and Family Development provides youth suicide prevention information, tools and resources geared towards youth, parents/caregivers, professionals, communities and the media.

The Suicide Prevention Resource Center is devoted to advancing the United States’ National Strategy for Suicide Prevention. It provides technical assistance, training and materials to increase the knowledge and expertise of suicide prevention practitioners and other professionals serving people at risk for suicide.

The World Health Organization provides information and resources on youth suicide prevention, including a document to assist with the development and implementation of a public health action framework for suicide prevention, and a resource series with guidelines for different groups in multiple languages.

Your Life Counts is a network of people from various walks of life who came together to provide resources on youth suicide prevention. This website provides a list of examples of suicide prevention strategies from around the world.

 

Examples of provincial suicide prevention strategies

Alberta Suicide Prevention Strategy (2005)

Help for Life: Québec’s Strategy for Preventing Suicide (1998)

New Brunswick Suicide Prevention Program (2007)

Nova Scotia Strategic Framework to Address Suicide (2006)

Nunavut Suicide Prevention Strategy (2010)

Suicide Prevention, Intervention and Postvention (British Columbia’s strategy; 2009). More information can also be found on their website.

Youth Suicide Prevention Strategy, Framework for Suicide Prevention (Manitoba’s strategy; 2008)

 

Examples of suicide prevention strategies outside of Canada

A Call to Prevent: Youth Suicide in Oregon describes the State of Oregon’s plan for youth suicide prevention. 

The European Alliance Against Depression (EAAD) is an international network of experts working towards the prevention of suicide. The EAAD website includes a four-level approach to suicide prevention, their framework, information on evaluating outcomes and other resources. 

The New Zealand Suicide Prevention Strategy provides a framework for suicide prevention efforts taking place over a 10-year period from 2006 to 2016.